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Design and Control of an underactuated cable-driven robot for agile handling of parts in a manufacturing line

Abstract : This thesis aims to design and control an underactuated Cable-Driven Parallel Robot (CDPR) with four cables for the agile handling of parts in a manufacturing line. For already installed manufacturing lines, most of the available working space is often used, and adding a new serial robot on the workshop ground is sometimes difficult. Using the ceiling to fix heavy machines is not always possible, and it could be necessary to reinforce the structure. CDPR is a way to achieve the work with a light structure, with low modification of the existing workshop. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that the majority of the existing designs place the actuating motors and the winches on the base platform, whereas in this work, the actuating motors are placed on the moving platform, making it convenient for the CDPR to be fixed in the manufacturing line with simple anchor points. First, the workspace of the CDPR for the desired environment is investigated. The underactuated nature of the robot and the positive cable tension constraint imposed due to the flexibility of the cable limit the workspace investigation to static equilibrium conditions. The classical static equilibrium equations have been used to calculate the robot workspace and the corresponding behavior of the plat- form orientation angles have been presented. Several case studies have been shown with different payloads attached to the moving platform. The dimensions of the moving platform and the base structure have also been changed to understand the possible region of the workspace where the robot performance can be satisfactory. The prototype dimensions have been fixed taking into account the workspace performance. Following this, the classical dynamic model developed in the field of CDPR has been used to implement the control law on the CDPR. The second part of the thesis presents the design and implementation of the control laws for the CDPR. The classical Input-Output Feedback Linearization (IOFL) technique is developed and simulation results have been presented. The role of internal dynamics present in the system because of the underactuation is demonstrated using their phase-plane plots. Two possible solutions have been suggested to reduce the effect of internal dynamics on the system. The first solution is to use appropriate dimensions for the platform and the base structure. Simulation results have been presented to show the behavior of the platform when the dimensions are changed. A Modified Feedback Linearization (MFL) has been proposed as an ad-hoc solution for eliminating the effects of the internal dynamics. The simulation results obtained show that the proposed ad-hoc solution performs efficiently and significantly better than the classical IOFL technique for certain dimensions of the CDPR. The use of this approach for different cases of CDPR needs to be investigated. Experimental results validating the IOFL technique are presented to demonstrate the satisfactory behavior of the CDPR with the control law developed during the thesis. The overall objective of the project is to develop a CDPR that can work with an operator in a fully functional manufacturing line and aid the worker in lifting heavy or hot objects. This thesis achieves the first step in making a functional prototype of a CDPR which will be improved further to make it collaborative.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 12, 2021 - 9:14:24 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:00 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 8:12:04 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03284822, version 1


Atal Anil Kumar. Design and Control of an underactuated cable-driven robot for agile handling of parts in a manufacturing line. Automatic. Université de Lorraine, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0269⟩. ⟨tel-03284822⟩



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