Rheology of powders and nanopowders through the use of a Couette four-bladed vane rheometer: flowability, cohesion energy, agglomerates and dustiness

Abstract : A new four-bladed vane powder rheometer is proposed to study powder and nanopowder rheology at low and high shear rates. As shear rates increase, the powder flow will evolve from a Newtonian regime (low shear rates) to a Coulombic regime (moderate shear rates) and then to a kinetic regime (high shear rates) at which the powder may become self-fluidized because of intense particles collisions. Viscosity measurements of noncohesive glass beads at low shear rates (Newtonian and Coulombic regimes) do not strongly depend upon the particle size and can reach values much larger than commonly used viscosities in some CFDs models. Since, in the kinetic regime, the shear stress is a strong function of the particle size, agglomerate particle size of cohesive powders can be directly inferred from rheograms. Cohesive carbon black and silica nanopowders have been tested and compared to noncohesive glass beads microparticles, chosen as reference. For noncohesive glass bead micropowders, the ``agglomerate'' diameter average values found from rheological measurements are of the same order of magnitude as the primary diameters of the powder. This indicates that the kinetic theory of granular flows describes well these high shear rate regimes and that such theory can be used to estimate agglomerate diameters. It is also found that estimated agglomerate sizes of nanometric cohesive materials can reach sizes of hundred micrometers depending upon their cohesion strength. Such agglomerate size measurements have been corroborated with those made by microscopy.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Springer Verlag, 2014, 16 (8), 〈10.1007/s11051-014-2558-0〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01275121
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Soumis le : mardi 16 février 2016 - 17:38:22
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:25:27

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Jacques Bouillard, François Henry, Philippe Marchal. Rheology of powders and nanopowders through the use of a Couette four-bladed vane rheometer: flowability, cohesion energy, agglomerates and dustiness. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Springer Verlag, 2014, 16 (8), 〈10.1007/s11051-014-2558-0〉. 〈hal-01275121〉

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