Investigation of Growth Conditions for the Expansion of Porcine Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Microcarriers in Stirred Cultures

Abstract : The extensive use of mesenchymal stem cells (MCS) in tissue engineering and cell therapy increases the necessity to improve their expansion. Among these, porcine MCS are valuable models for tissue engineering and are classically expanded in static T-flasks. In this work, different processes of stirred cultures were evaluated and compared. First, the effect of glucose, glutamine, antioxidant, and growth factors concentrations on porcine MSC expansion were analyzed in a suitable medium by performing kinetic studies. Results showed that a lower glucose concentration (5.5 mM) enabled to increase maximal cell concentration by 40 % compared with a higher one (25 mM), while addition of 2 to 6 mM of glutamine increased maximal cell concentration by more than 25 % compared with no glutamine supplementation. Moreover, supplementation with 1 mu M thioctic acid increased maximal cell concentration by 40 % compared with no supplementation. Using this adapted medium, microcarriers cultures were performed and compared with T-flasks expansion. PorcineMSC were shown to be able to proliferate on the five types of microcarriers tested. Moreover, cultures on Cytodex 1, Cytopore 2, and Cultispher G exhibited a MSC growth rate more than 40 % higher compared with expansion in T-flasks, while MSC metabolism was similar.
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Article dans une revue
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Humana Press, 2014, 172 (2), pp.1004-1017. 〈10.1007/s12010-013-0586-3〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01276641
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Soumis le : vendredi 19 février 2016 - 16:47:20
Dernière modification le : jeudi 8 février 2018 - 15:56:35

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Caroline Ferrari, Eric Olmos, Frederique Balandras, Nguyen Tran, Isabelle Chevalot, et al.. Investigation of Growth Conditions for the Expansion of Porcine Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Microcarriers in Stirred Cultures. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Humana Press, 2014, 172 (2), pp.1004-1017. 〈10.1007/s12010-013-0586-3〉. 〈hal-01276641〉

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