Impact of Lime, Cement, and Clay Treatments on the Internal Erosion of Compacted Soils

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to study the impact of certain soil treatments on the internal erosion characteristics of treated compacted silt. The experiments measured the internal erosion using the hole erosion test (HET). This study aims to describe the effects of clay, lime and cement soil treatments on the internal erosion, specifically with regard to the amount of treatment used and the curing time. A new enhanced HET was developed to apply a high inlet pressure up to 650 kPa and thus generate a hydraulic shear stress up to 10,000 Pa. The internal erosion resistance was quantified by the coefficient of soil erosion and the critical shear stress. The results demonstrated that clay treatment could reduce the coefficient of soil erosion depending on the nature and percentage of clay added to the soil. The results also showed that lime and cement treatment primarily increased the critical shear stress of the tested silt. This increase was higher with cement treatment and was dependent on the amount of the added product. The impact of the curing time (up to 30 days) on the evolution of the erosion characteristics was not relevant for the lime-treated silt, whereas that of the cement-treated silt was dependent on the amount of cement added to the soil.
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Abdelwadoud Mehenni, Olivier Cuisinier, Farimah Masrouri. Impact of Lime, Cement, and Clay Treatments on the Internal Erosion of Compacted Soils. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2016, 28 (9), pp.04016071. ⟨10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001573⟩. ⟨hal-01409044⟩

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