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A new heat transfer analysis in machining based on two steps of 3D finite element modelling and experimental validation

Abstract : Modelling machining operations allows estimating cutting parameters which are difficult to obtain experimentally and in particular, include quantities characterizing the tool-workpiece interface. Temperature is one of these quantities which has an impact on the tool wear, thus its estimation is important. This study deals with a new modelling strategy, based on two steps of calculation, for analysis of the heat transfer into the cutting tool. Unlike the classical methods, considering only the cutting tool with application of an approximate heat flux at the cutting face, estimated from experimental data (e.g. measured cutting force, cutting power), the proposed approach consists of two successive 3D Finite Element calculations and fully independent on the experimental measurements; only the definition of the behaviour of the tool-workpiece couple is necessary. The first one is a 3D thermomechanical modelling of the chip formation process, which allows estimating cutting forces, chip morphology and is flow direction. The second calculation is a 3D thermal modelling of the heat diffusion into the cutting tool, by using an adequate thermal loading (applied uniform or non-uniform heat flux). This loading is estimated using some quantities obtained from the first step calculation, such as contact pressure, sliding velocity distributions and contact area. Comparisons in one hand between experimental data and the first calculation and at the other hand between measured temperatures with embedded thermocouples and the second calculation show a good agreement in terms of cutting forces, chip morphology and cutting temperature.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 6, 2018 - 4:21:41 PM
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Badis Haddag, Tchadja Kagnaya, Mohammed Nouari, Thierry Cutard. A new heat transfer analysis in machining based on two steps of 3D finite element modelling and experimental validation. Heat and Mass Transfer, Springer Verlag, 2013, 49 (1), pp.129--145. ⟨10.1007/s00231-012-1069-8⟩. ⟨hal-01426239⟩



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