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Energy balance of droplets impinging onto a wall heated above the Leidenfrost temperature

Abstract : This work is an experimental study aiming at characterizing the heat transfers induced by the impingement of water droplets (diameter 80–180 μm) on a thin nickel plate heated by electromagnetic induction. The temperature of the rear face of the nickel sample is measured by means of an infrared camera and the heat removed from the wall due to the presence of the droplets is estimated using a semi-analytical inverse heat conduction model. In parallel, the temperature of the droplets is measured using the two-color Laser-Induced Fluorescence thermometry (2cLIF) which has been extended to imagery for the purpose of these experiments. The measurements of the variation in the droplet temperature occurring during an impact allow determining the sensible heat removed by the liquid. Measurements are performed at wall conditions well above the Leidenfrost temperature. Different values of the Weber numbers corresponding to the bouncing and splashing regimes are tested. Comparisons between the heat flux removed from the wall and the sensible heat gained by the liquid allows estimating the heat flux related to liquid evaporation. Results reveal that the respective level of the droplet sensible heat and the heat lost due to liquid vaporization can vary significantly with the droplet sizes and the Weber number.
Keywords : Leidenfrost effect
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Pierre Dunand, Guillaume Castanet, Michel Gradeck, Denis Maillet, Fabrice Lemoine. Energy balance of droplets impinging onto a wall heated above the Leidenfrost temperature. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Elsevier, 2013, 44, pp.170 - 180. ⟨10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2013.05.021⟩. ⟨hal-01427475⟩



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