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The role of suction and degree of saturation on the hydro-mechanical response of a dual porosity silt–bentonite mixture

Abstract : To better understand the hydro-mechanical behavior of dual porosity expansive clays, three groups of tests were carried out. First, isotropic free drying and free wetting tests were performed to determine both branches of the soil water retention curve of a silt–bentonite mixture and its parameters. Next, constant suction oedometer tests at different matric suctions were employed using osmotic method. Finally, wetting–drying cycles were imposed on the samples in oedometric condition. At the end of wetting–drying tests, different suction values were enforced on the specimens and consolidation tests were performed, while the suction values were regulated through the samples using the osmotic method. Cross-examination of results indicates good consistency between the observed behaviors from different tests: Results of constant suction oedometer tests confirm the hardening phenomenon at low suctions indicated by the free drying test. Besides, all tests show that the amount of the suction hardening is negligible at suctions between the air entry of macropores and that of the micropores. However, the results contradict the physical models of hydro-mechanical behavior of expansive clays which do not take into account the suction induced hardening in the range of suctions less than the air entry value. Moreover, while most of the models assume that the shrinkage limit and air entry suction are coincident; results of the free drying test show the coincidence of the shrinkage limit and the air entry value of micropores
Keywords : Suction
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 11, 2017 - 3:56:39 PM
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Mohsen Ajdari, Ghassem Habibagahi, Farimah Masrouri. The role of suction and degree of saturation on the hydro-mechanical response of a dual porosity silt–bentonite mixture. Applied Clay Science, Elsevier, 2013, 83–84, pp.83 - 90. ⟨10.1016/j.clay.2013.08.020⟩. ⟨hal-01432191⟩



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