Eukaryotic rRNA Modification by Yeast 5-Methylcytosine-Methyltransferases and Human Proliferation-Associated Antigen p120 - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2015

Eukaryotic rRNA Modification by Yeast 5-Methylcytosine-Methyltransferases and Human Proliferation-Associated Antigen p120

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Abstract

Modified nucleotide 5-methylcytosine (m(5)C) is frequently present in various eukaryotic RNAs, including tRNAs, rRNAs and in other non-coding RNAs, as well as in mRNAs. RNA: m(5)C-methyltranferases (MTases) Nop2 from S. cerevisiae and human proliferation-associated nucleolar antigen p120 are both members of a protein family called Nop2/NSUN/NOL1. Protein p120 is well-known as a tumor marker which is over-expressed in various cancer tissues. Using a combination of RNA bisulfite sequencing and HPLC-MS/MS analysis, we demonstrated here that p120 displays an RNA:m(5)C-MTase activity, which restores m(5)C formation at position 2870 in domain V of 25S rRNA in a nop2 Delta yeast strain. We also confirm that yeast proteins Nop2p and Rcm1p catalyze the formation of m(5)C in domains V and IV, respectively. In addition, we do not find any evidence of m(5)C residues in yeast 18S rRNA. We also performed functional complementation of Nop2-deficient yeasts by human p120 and studied the importance of different sequence and structural domains of Nop2 and p120 for yeast growth and m(5)C-MTase activity. Chimeric protein formed by Nop2 and p120 fragments revealed the importance of Nop2 N-terminal domain for correct protein localization and its cellular function. We also validated that the presence of Nop2, rather than the m(5)C modification in rRNA itself, is required for pre-rRNA processing. Our results corroborate that Nop2 belongs to the large family of pre-ribosomal proteins and possesses two related functions in pre-rRNA processing: as an essential factor for cleavages and m(5)C: RNA:modification. These results support the notion of quality control during ribosome synthesis by such modification enzymes.

Dates and versions

hal-01451668 , version 1 (01-02-2017)

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Gabrielle Bourgeois, Michel Ney, Imre Gaspar, Christelle Aigueperse, Matthias Schaefer, et al.. Eukaryotic rRNA Modification by Yeast 5-Methylcytosine-Methyltransferases and Human Proliferation-Associated Antigen p120. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10 (7), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0133321⟩. ⟨hal-01451668⟩
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