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RNA size is a critical factor for U-containing substrate selectivity and permanent pseudouridylated product release during the RNA: Psi-synthase reaction catalyzed by box H/ACA sRNP enzyme at high temperature

Abstract : The box H/ACA small ribonucleoprotein particles (H/ACA sRNPs) are RNP enzymes that isomerize uridines (U) into pseudouridines (Psi) in archaeal RNAs. The RNA component acts as a guide by forming base-pair interactions with the substrate RNA to specify the target nucleotide of the modification to the catalytic subunit Cbf5. Here, we have analyzed association of an H/ACA sRNP enzyme from the hyper-thermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi with synthetic substrate RNAs of different length and with target nucleotide variants, and estimated their turnover at high temperature. In these conditions, we found that a short substrate, which length is restricted to the interaction with RNA guide sequence, has higher turnover rate. However, the longer substrate with additional 5' and 3' sequences non-complementary to the guide RNA is better discriminated by the U to 111 conversion allowing the RNP enzyme to distinguish the modified product from the substrate. In addition, we identified that the conserved residue Y179 in the catalytic center of Cbf5 is crucial for substrate selectivity. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. and Societe Francaise de Biochimie et Biologie Moleculaire (SFBBM). All rights reserved.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01451901
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 1, 2017 - 3:09:48 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 10:46:02 AM

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Anne-Sophie Tillault, Jean-Baptiste Fourmann, Christine Loegler, Magali Blaud, Christiane Branlant, et al.. RNA size is a critical factor for U-containing substrate selectivity and permanent pseudouridylated product release during the RNA: Psi-synthase reaction catalyzed by box H/ACA sRNP enzyme at high temperature. Biochimie, Elsevier, 2015, 113, pp.134-142. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2015.04.009⟩. ⟨hal-01451901⟩

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