Factors Influencing Concordance Between Clinical and Ultrasound Findings in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Abstract : Objective. Clinical joint examination (CJE) is less time-consuming than ultrasound (US) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Low concordance between CJE and US would indicate that the 2 tests provide different types of information. Knowledge of factors associated with CJE/US concordance would help to select patients and joints for US. Our objective was to identify factors associated with CJE/US concordance. Methods. Seventy-six patients with RA requiring tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonist therapy were included in a prospective, multicenter cohort. In each patient, 38 joints were evaluated. Synovitis was scored using CJE, B-mode US (B-US), and power Doppler US (PDUS). Joints whose kappa coefficient (kappa) for agreement CJE/US was <0.1 were considered discordant. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors independently associated with CJE/US concordance, defined as factors yielding p <0,05 and OR > 2. Results. Concordance before TNF-alpha antagonist therapy varied across joints for CJE/US (kappa = -0.08 to 0.51) and B-US/PDUS (kappa = 0.30 to 0.67). CJE/US concordance was low at the metatarsophalangeal joints and shoulders (kappa < 0.1). Before TNF-alpha antagonist therapy, a low 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28) was associated with good CJE/B-US concordance, and no factors were associated with CJE/PDUS concordance. After TNF-alpha antagonist therapy, only the joint site was associated with CJE/B-US concordance; joint site and short disease duration were associated with CJE/PDUS concordance. Conclusion. Concordance between CJE and US is poor overall. US adds information to CJE, most notably at the metatarsophalangeal joints and shoulders. Usefulness is decreased for B-US when DAS28 is low and for PDUS when disease duration is short.
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Journal of Rheumatology, Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited, 2013, 40 (3), pp.244-252. 〈10.3899/jrheum.120843〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01454917
Contributeur : Imopa Ul <>
Soumis le : vendredi 3 février 2017 - 10:23:26
Dernière modification le : samedi 1 septembre 2018 - 01:14:59

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Marion Le Boëdec, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Jean-François Ferlet, Thierry Marhadour, Gérard Chales, et al.. Factors Influencing Concordance Between Clinical and Ultrasound Findings in Rheumatoid Arthritis . Journal of Rheumatology, Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Company Limited, 2013, 40 (3), pp.244-252. 〈10.3899/jrheum.120843〉. 〈hal-01454917〉

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