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The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of chiral carbohydrate-derived nitrone and olefin: towards long-chain sugars

Abstract : The thermal and microwave-activated 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of several alpha, beta-unsaturated esters derived from D-mannose and chiral nitrones derived from threitol have been studied as a model reaction en route to eleven carbon long chain carbohydrates. Very high facial selectivity is observed for the chiral nitrones whereas the olefin facial selectivity varies with the substrate. The presence of a dioxolane ring a to the olefinic bond is beneficial to the facial selectivity of the olefin whereas a pyranose ring is not. The combination of a D-mannose derivative and a L-threitol-derived nitrone is a matched pair suitable for the synthesis of long chain sugars with nine contiguous chiral centres. Finally complete facial selectivity was observed with exo-glycals which gave a single cycloadduct.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 22, 2017 - 4:40:35 PM
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Hassan Oukani, Nadia Pellegrini-Moïse, Olivier Jackowski, Francoise Chrétien, Yves Chapleur. The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of chiral carbohydrate-derived nitrone and olefin: towards long-chain sugars. Carbohydrate Research, Elsevier, 2013, 381, pp.205-214. ⟨10.1016/j.carres.2013.06.022⟩. ⟨hal-01494092⟩

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