A Cu/Nafion/Bi electrode for on-site monitoring of trace heavy metals in natural waters using anodic stripping voltammetry: An alternative to mercury-based electrodes

Abstract : Stripping analysis has been widely recognised as a powerful tool for trace metal analysis. Its remarkable sensitivity is attributed to the combination of a preconcentration step coupled with differential measurements that generate an extremely favourable signal-to-noise ratio. Mercury electrodes have been traditionally employed for achieving high reproducibility and sensitivity of the stripping technique. However, because of the toxicity of mercury, new alternative electrode materials are highly desired, particularly for on-site environmental monitoring of trace pollutants. Bismuth is an electrode material characterized by its low toxicity and its ability to form alloys with some metals of interest like cadmium, lead or zinc, allowing their preconcentration at the electrode surface. We present here the preparation of Cu/Nafion/Bi electrodes and their application to heavy metal analysis by anodic stripping voltammetry. First, the main limitations of the basic Cu/Bi electrode for on-site monitoring in natural waters are highlighted. Then the modification of the Cu/Bi electrode by a Nafion membrane is presented. The analytical performances of this new electrode for trace cadmium and lead analysis were evaluated in non-deaerated solutions. Linear calibration curves were obtained in synthetic solutions for concentrations ranging from 2 to 12 and 2 to 18 mu g L-1 for cadmium and lead, respectively, with relative standard deviations lower than 5% (n = 15). The analytical methodology was then successfully applied to monitor the Cd2+ and Ph2+ content in real samples such as ground water and aquatic plant extracts. The results favourably compared to those obtained using a mercury drop electrode and were validated by ICP-MS.
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Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 560 (1-2), pp.184 - 190. 〈10.1016/j.aca.2005.12.010〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01494581
Contributeur : Sophie Legeai <>
Soumis le : jeudi 23 mars 2017 - 16:29:37
Dernière modification le : jeudi 8 février 2018 - 11:08:03

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S. Legeai, O. Vittori. A Cu/Nafion/Bi electrode for on-site monitoring of trace heavy metals in natural waters using anodic stripping voltammetry: An alternative to mercury-based electrodes. Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 560 (1-2), pp.184 - 190. 〈10.1016/j.aca.2005.12.010〉. 〈hal-01494581〉

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