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Pressure-enforced plasticity in MAX phases: from single grain to polycrystal investigation

Abstract : Ti4AlN3, Ti3AlC2 and Ti3Al0.8Sn0.2C2 MAX phases were plastically deformed at room temperature (RT) under gaseous confining pressure. Microstructures of as-grown and deformed samples are carefully analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is demonstrated that high level of plastic deformation can be reached under confining gas pressure; the later suppresses the brittle failure at RT to the profit of plasticity. Multiscale characterization techniques are shown to provide a unique insight into all the scales of the plastic deformation; in particular, the effect of the mesoscale. Indeed, grain shape and orientation relative to the compression axis are shown to play a key role in the deformation process, intergranular stresses leading to a complex stress field in the polycrystalline samples. The TEM results show that dislocation activity highly depends on the grain orientation. The observation of dislocation entanglements unambiguously demonstrates that dislocations may be organized in such a configuration so that their glide in the basal plane can be hindered when deep plastic regime is reached.
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Guo-Ping Bei, Antoine Guitton, Anne Joulain, Veronique Brunet, Sylvain Dubois, et al.. Pressure-enforced plasticity in MAX phases: from single grain to polycrystal investigation. Philosophical Magazine, Taylor & Francis, 2013, 93 (15), pp.1784-1801. ⟨10.1080/14786435.2012.755272⟩. ⟨hal-01501851⟩

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