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Separation of hydrocarbons and lipid from water using treated bark

Abstract : This paper explores the possibility of using treated bark to remove oily compounds from water. Bark was first biologically or chemically treated and saturated with transition metal ions (TMI) to avoid the release of soluble organic compounds from the bark in the treated effluents. Several experimental parameters affecting the oil removal efficiency (RE) were studied (initial oil concentration, temperature, time, etc.). Saturated bark was characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and bark wetting index was determined. Results of the retention of lipids suggested that their removal could exceed 95% of initial oil concentration. The uptake of lipid by treated bark varied from 0.2 to 2.0 g of organic oil/g of dry sorbent. No significant chemical modifications of saturated bark were observed in infrared spectroscopy after the sorption of oleic acid on bark treated with transition metal ions. The structure of adsorbed tridimentional layer of oleic acid molecules seemed to take place through the double bond. The hydrocarbon RE exceeded 95% using oil–water mixture with a hydrocarbon/bark ratio of one. The sorption reaction of hydrocarbons and lipids was quasi-instantaneous and seemed to be influenced by the temperature. This indicated that the retention mechanism was related to the capillary action. Results of FTIR spectroscopy suggested that no chemical bonds between barks and oily compounds were established.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 19, 2017 - 11:10:02 AM
Last modification on : Monday, August 16, 2021 - 4:44:06 PM

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M. Haussard, I. Gaballah, Ndue Kanari, Philippe de Donato, Odile Barrès, et al.. Separation of hydrocarbons and lipid from water using treated bark. Water Research, IWA Publishing, 2003, 37 (2), pp. 362-374. ⟨10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00269-5⟩. ⟨hal-01510181⟩



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