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Spin treatment-based approach for electronic transport in paramagnetic liquid transition metals

Abstract : A novel concept is proposed to calculate both the electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power (TEP) of liquid transition metals (Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) characterized by a paramagnetic state in the liquid phase. By contrast to a previous work (PRB64, 094202 (2001)), where the resistivity was calculated by treating separately the interactions between spin up and spin down using the Matthiessen rule, our current approach is based on two types of muffin tin potentials in the t-matrix, namely spin up and spin down. The resistivity is treated as the result of the interference of the two kinds of spin states of electrons including a cross-contribution. The calculated resistivity values agree reasonably well with the available experimental ones for all the metals considered. Moreover, the calculated TEP, as deduced from the slope of resistivity vs. energy, has been found to be positive for Mn and Fe but negative for Co and Ni. Besides that, this formalism for resistivity calculation may be generalized to a system that may exist in different atomic states. It is worth mentioning that this concept is analogous to the one used in the process of neutron scattering on a metal composed of multiple isotopes.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 2, 2017 - 4:05:14 PM
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B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman, J. G. Gasser. Spin treatment-based approach for electronic transport in paramagnetic liquid transition metals. Philosophical Magazine, Taylor & Francis, 2013, 93 (26), pp.3576-3588. ⟨10.1080/14786435.2013.816448⟩. ⟨hal-01517072⟩

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