Biological activities of Schottenol and Spinasterol, two natural phytosterols present in argan oil and in cactus pear seed oil, on murine miroglial BV2 cells

Abstract : The objective of this study was to evaluate the biological activities of the major phytosterols present in argan oil (AO) and in cactus seed oil (CSO) in BV2 microglial cells. Accordingly, we first determined the sterol composition of AO and CSO, showing the presence of Schottenol and Spinasterol as major sterols in AO. While in CSO, in addition to these two sterols, we found mainly another sterol, the Sitosterol. The chemical synthesis of Schottenol and Spinasterol was performed. Our results showed that these two phytosterols, as well as sterol extracts from AO or CSO, are not toxic to microglial BV2 cells. However, treatments by these phytosterols impact the mitochondrial membrane potential. Furthermore, both Schottenol and Spinasterol can modulate the gene expression of two nuclear receptors, liver X receptor (LXR)-alpha and LXR beta, their target genes ABCA1 and ABCG1. Nonetheless, only Schottenol exhibited a differential activation vis-a-vis the nuclear receptor LXR beta. Thus Schottenol and Spinasterol can be considered as new LXR agonists, which may play protective roles by the modulation of cholesterol metabolism.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 4, 2017 - 2:53:53 PM
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M'Hammed Saïd El Kebbaj, David Masson, Gérard Lizard, Boubker Nasser, Mustapha Cherkaoui-Malki, et al.. Biological activities of Schottenol and Spinasterol, two natural phytosterols present in argan oil and in cactus pear seed oil, on murine miroglial BV2 cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Elsevier, 2014, 446 (3, SI), pp.798-804. ⟨10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.02.074⟩. ⟨hal-01518331⟩

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