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Structural phase transit on causing anomalous photoluminescence behavior in perovskite (C6H11NH3)(2)[Pbl(4)]

Abstract : Optical and structural properties of the organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite-type (C6H11NH3)(2)[PbI4] (abbreviated as C6PbI4) were investigated using optical absorption, photoluminescence (PL), and x-ray diffraction measurements. Room temperature, optical absorption measurements, performed on spin-coated films of C6PbI4, revealed two absorption bands at 2.44 and 3.21 eV. Upon 325 nm (3.815 eV) laser irradiation, strong green PL emission peaks were observed at 2.41 eV (P1) and 2.24 eV (P2) and assigned to free and localized excitons, respectively. The exciton binding energy was estimated at 356 meV. At low temperature, two additional emission bands were detected at 2.366 eV (P3) and a large band (LB) at 1.97 eV. The former appeared only below 40 K and the latter emerged below 130 K. The thermal dependence of the PL spectra revealed an abnormal behavior accompanied by singularities in the peak positions and intensities at 40 and 130 K. X-ray diffraction studies performed on powder and single crystals as a function of temperature evidenced significant changes of the interlayer spacing at 50 K and similar to 138 K. Around 138 K, a commensurate to incommensurate structural phase transition occurred on cooling. It involves a symmetry breaking leading to a distortion of the PbI6 octahedron. The resulting incommensurate spatial modulation of the Pb-I distances (and Pb-I-Pb angles) causes a spatial modulation of the band gap, which is at the origin of the emergence of the LB below similar to 130 K and the anomalous behavior of the position of P1 below 130 K. The change of the interlayer spacing in the 40-50 K range may in turn be related to the significant decrease of the intensity of P2 and the maximum emission of the LB. These results underline the intricate character of the structural and the PL properties of the hybrid perovskites; understanding such properties should benefit to the design of optoelectronic devices with targeted properties.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 12, 2017 - 12:06:35 PM
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A. Yangui, Sébastien Pillet, Adnen Mlayah, A. Lusson, G. Bouchez, et al.. Structural phase transit on causing anomalous photoluminescence behavior in perovskite (C6H11NH3)(2)[Pbl(4)]. Journal of Chemical Physics, 2015, 143 (22), ⟨10.1063/1.4936776⟩. ⟨hal-01521802⟩



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