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Stabilization of polyiodide chains via anion center dot center dot center dot anion interactions: experiment and theory

Abstract : In tyrosinium polyiodide hydrate, cations and anions aggregate in layers. The cation layers are stabilized by classical hydrogen bonds. The anionic part of the structure consists of parallel infinite polyiodide strands; the distance pattern along these chains suggests the presence of smaller subunits I-3(-), I-2 and I-. Comparative calculations for small fragments and longer chains in frozen geometries indicate that this unexpected arrangement is favoured by local stabilizing anion center dot center dot center dot anion interactions and partial charge transfer between the subunits. The topological analyses of the electron density rho, its negative Laplacian L = del(2)rho and the electrostatic potential phi functions have been used to study the intrachain I-I and I center dot center dot center dot I interactions. Thorough analysis carried out with L indicates the successive arrangement of generalized charge concentration and charge depletion sites (for either L > 0 or L < 0 regions) along bond paths, and permits to distinguish iodides from iodine atoms even when they are involved in intermediate situations where interatomic distances and net charges are not conclusive.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01533284
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 6, 2017 - 11:47:21 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 10:00:02 AM

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Kevin Lamberts, Philipp Handels, Ulli Englert, Emmanuel Aubert, Enrique Espinosa. Stabilization of polyiodide chains via anion center dot center dot center dot anion interactions: experiment and theory. CrystEngComm, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016, 18 (21), pp.3832-3841. ⟨10.1039/c6ce00396f⟩. ⟨hal-01533284⟩

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