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Journal Articles Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics Year : 2013

A novel comparative research platform designed to determine the functional significance of tree species diversity in European forests

Lander Baeten (1, 2) , Kris Verheyen (3) , Christian Wirth (4) , Helge Bruelheide (5, 6) , Filippo Bussotti (7) , Leena Finér (8) , Bogdan Jaroszewicz (9) , Federico Selvi (10) , Fernando Valladaresh , Eric Allan (11) , Evy Ampoorter (12) , Harald Auge (13, 14) , Daniel Avacariei , Luc Barbaro (15) , Ionu Barnoaiea , Cristina C. Bastias (16) , Jürgen Bauhus (17) , Carsten Beinhoff , Raquel Benavides (18) , Adam Benneter (18) , Sigrid Berger (13, 19) , Felix Berthold (20) , Johanna Boberg (21) , Damien Bonal (22) , Wolfgang Braggernann , Monique Carnol (23) , Bastien Castagneyrol (15) , Yohan Charbonnier (24) , Ewa Checko , David Coomess , Andrea Coppi (10) , Eleftheria Dalmaris , Gabriel Danila , Seid M. Dawud , Wim De Vries , Hans de Wandeler (25) , Marc Deconchat (26) , Timo Domisch (27) , Gabriel Duduman , Markus Fischer (28) , Mariangela Fotelli , Arthur Gessler (29) , Teresa E. Gimeno , André Granier (22) , Charlotte Grossiord (22) , Virginie Guyot (26) , Lydia Hantsch , Stephan Haettenschwiler (30) , Andy Hector (31) , Martin Hermy (32) , Vera Holland , Hervé Jactel (15) , François-Xavier Joly (30) , Tommaso Jucker (33) , Simon Kolb , Julia Koricheva (34) , Manfred J. Lexer , Mario Liebergesell , Harriet Milligan (34) , Sandra Mueller (35) , Bart Muys (36) , Diem Nguyen (21) , Liviu Nichiforel , Martina Pollastrini (37) , Raphael Proulx (38, 39) , Sonia Rabasa , Kalliopi Radoglou , Sophia Ratcliffe (40) , Karsten Raulund-Rasmussen (41) , Ian Seiferling , Jan Stenlid (42) , Lars Vesterdal (41) , Klaus Von Wilpert , Miguel A. Zavala (43) , Dawid Zielínski (44) , Michael Scherer-Lorenzen (45)
1 Department of Forest and Water Management, Forest & Nature Lab
2 Department of Biology, Terrestrial Ecology Unit
3 Dept Forest & Water Management, Lab Forestry
4 Institut für Biologie I
5 Institute of Biology/Geobotany and Botanical Garden
6 DFG - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - German Research Foundation
7 Dept. of Agri-Food and Environmental Sciences, Section of Soil and Plant Science
8 Finnish Forest Research Institute
9 UW - University of Warsaw
10 UniFI - Università degli Studi di Firenze = University of Florence
11 UNIBE - Universität Bern / University of Bern
12 UGENT - Universiteit Gent = Ghent University
13 UFZ - Helmholtz Zentrum für Umweltforschung = Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
14 iDiv - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
15 BioGeCo - Biodiversité, Gènes & Communautés
16 MNCN - Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales [Madrid]
17 Chair of Silviculture, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources
18 University of Freiburg [Freiburg]
19 Faculty of Biology, Chair of Geobotany
20 MLU - Martin-Luther-Universität Halle Wittenberg
21 SLU - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
22 EEF - Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières [devient SILVA en 2018]
23 Lab Plant & Microbial Ecol, Inst Bot B22
24 Bretagne Vivante
25 KU Leuven - Catholic University of Leuven = Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
26 DYNAFOR - Dynamiques Forestières dans l'Espace Rural
27 LUKE - Natural Resources Institute Finland
28 Chemistry, University of Hamburg
29 ZALF - Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung = Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
30 CEFE - Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
31 University of Oxford
32 UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain = Catholic University of Louvain
33 Forest Ecology and Conservation Group, Department of Plant Sciences
34 RHUL - Royal Holloway [University of London]
35 Department for Internal Medicine, Endocrinology and Nephrology
36 Division of Forest, Nature and Landscape
37 Department of Plant Biology
38 UQTR - Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
39 MPI-BGC - Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
40 Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Funktionelle Biodiversität
41 UCPH - University of Copenhagen = Københavns Universitet
42 Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
43 Departamento de Ecología
44 Uniwersytet Warszawski
45 Faculty of Biology/Geobotany
Kris Verheyen
Bogdan Jaroszewicz
Fernando Valladaresh
  • Function : Author
Daniel Avacariei
  • Function : Author
Luc Barbaro
Ionu Barnoaiea
  • Function : Author
Carsten Beinhoff
  • Function : Author
Wolfgang Braggernann
  • Function : Author
Ewa Checko
  • Function : Author
David Coomess
  • Function : Author
Eleftheria Dalmaris
  • Function : Author
Gabriel Danila
  • Function : Author
Seid M. Dawud
  • Function : Author
Wim De Vries
  • Function : Author
Gabriel Duduman
  • Function : Author
Mariangela Fotelli
  • Function : Author
Teresa E. Gimeno
  • Function : Author
Lydia Hantsch
  • Function : Author
Andy Hector
  • Function : Author
Vera Holland
  • Function : Author
Hervé Jactel
Simon Kolb
  • Function : Author
Manfred J. Lexer
  • Function : Author
Mario Liebergesell
  • Function : Author
Liviu Nichiforel
  • Function : Author
Sonia Rabasa
  • Function : Author
Kalliopi Radoglou
  • Function : Author
Ian Seiferling
  • Function : Author
Klaus Von Wilpert
  • Function : Author

Abstract

One of the current advances in functional biodiversity research is the move away from short-lived test systems towards the exploration of diversity-ecosystem functioning relationships in structurally more complex ecosystems. In forests, assumptions about the functional significance of tree species diversity have only recently produced a new generation of research on ecosystem processes and services. Novel experimental designs have now replaced traditional forestry trials, but these comparatively young experimental plots suffer from specific difficulties that are mainly related to the tree size and longevity. Tree species diversity experiments therefore need to be complemented with comparative observational studies in existing forests. Here we present the design and implementation of a new network of forest plots along tree species diversity gradients in six major European forest types: the FunDivEUROPE Exploratory Platform. Based on a review of the deficiencies of existing observational approaches and of unresolved research questions and hypotheses, we discuss the fundamental criteria that shaped the design of our platform. Key features include the extent of the species diversity gradient with mixtures up to five species, strict avoidance of a dilution gradient, special attention to community evenness and minimal covariation with other environmental factors. The new European research platform permits the most comprehensive assessment of tree species diversity effects on forest ecosystem functioning to date since it offers a common set of research plots to groups of researchers from very different disciplines and uses the same methodological approach in contrasting forest types along an extensive environmental gradient.

Dates and versions

hal-01540270 , version 1 (16-06-2017)

Identifiers

Cite

Lander Baeten, Kris Verheyen, Christian Wirth, Helge Bruelheide, Filippo Bussotti, et al.. A novel comparative research platform designed to determine the functional significance of tree species diversity in European forests. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 2013, 15 (5), pp.281-291. ⟨10.1016/j.ppees.2013.07.002⟩. ⟨hal-01540270⟩
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