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Development and validation of a scale of social and moral judgments (ABB scale) and its use in prison settings

Abstract : Introduction The traditional approach to value judgments involves determining the position of an individual on a scale designed to evaluate the underlying mechanisms and dimensions of judgments. Objective The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a scale among a general population and to apply it to individuals particularly affected by, or directly involved in, acts of transgression. Method The scale comprises three types of behavior involving an expression of personal values (atypism or idiosyncratic behavior) or a violation of moral or conventional standards. Subjects were asked to assess a range of actions and behaviors on three dimensions (Likert format): seriousness, excusability and rejection of the transgressor. Results and conclusion As predicted, factor analysis shows a clear hierarchy of values. The results demonstrate the multidimensional nature of the instrument and indicate good reliability. Tolerance and severity indices were developed to understand the underlying dynamics of social and moral judgments. The study found that inmates’ judgments of violations and transgressions differed in some respects from the judgments made by the general population. The influence of context and the role of group membership as an explanatory factor are examined from the point of view of the identity strategies used.
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S. Abdellaoui, M. Lourel, C. Blatier, J.-L. Beauvois. Development and validation of a scale of social and moral judgments (ABB scale) and its use in prison settings. European Review of Applied Psychology / Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, Elsevier, 2015, 66 (4), pp.171 - 180. ⟨10.1016/j.erap.2015.07.002⟩. ⟨hal-01586724⟩



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