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MALDI-TOF and C-13 NMR analysis of flexible films and lacquers derived from tannin

Abstract : Highly flexible films and strongly adhering surface finishes were prepared by reacting partially aminated polyflavonoid tannins with furfuryl alcohol in the presence of plasticisers such as glycerol or polyethylene imine. C-13 NMR analysis showed partial amination of the tannin under the conditions used and even the formation of some -N= bridges between flavonoids, although these were shown to be rare. MALDI-TOF analysis showed the presence of oligomers produced by the reaction of furfuryl alcohol with the flavonoids and the simultaneous self-condensation of furfuryl alcohol. Thus linear methylene-furanic chains were also found to be linked to flavonoid reactive sites. Furthermore, side condensation reactions of furfuryl alcohol lead to the formation of methylene ether bridges between furanic nuclei, followed by rearrangement to methylene bridges with liberation of formaldehyde. This latter reacts with both the reactive sites of the flavonoid and of the furane rings to yield -CH2OH and -CH2+ groups and methylene bridges.
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M. C. Basso, C. Lacoste, A. Pizzi, E. Fredon, L. Delmotte. MALDI-TOF and C-13 NMR analysis of flexible films and lacquers derived from tannin. Industrial Crops and Products, Elsevier, 2014, 61, pp.352-360. ⟨10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.07.019⟩. ⟨hal-01597091⟩



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