Genome sequence of the -rhizobium Cupriavidus taiwanensis and comparative genomics of rhizobia - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Genome Research Year : 2008

Genome sequence of the -rhizobium Cupriavidus taiwanensis and comparative genomics of rhizobia

Michelle Glew
  • Function : Author
Delphine Capela
Sébastien Carrere
Stéphane Cruveiller
  • Function : Author
Aurélie Lajus
  • Function : Author
Zoé Rouy
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 914001
  • IdHAL : zoe-rouy
Bertrand Servin
Maged Saad
  • Function : Author
Chantal Schenowitz
  • Function : Author
Claudine Médigue
Catherine Masson-Boivin
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We report the first complete genome sequence of a β-proteobacterial nitrogen-fixing symbiont of legumes, Cupriavidus taiwanensis LMG19424. The genome consists of two chromosomes of size 3.42 Mb and 2.50 Mb, and a large symbiotic plasmid of 0.56 Mb. The C. taiwanensis genome displays an unexpected high similarity with the genome of the saprophytic bacterium C. eutrophus H16, despite being 0.94 Mb smaller. Both organisms harbor two chromosomes with large regions of synteny interspersed by specific regions. In contrast, the two species host highly divergent plasmids, with the consequence that C. taiwanensis is symbiotically proficient and less metabolically versatile. Altogether, specific regions in C. taiwanensis compared with C. eutrophus cover 1.02 Mb and are enriched in genes associated with symbiosis or virulence in other bacteria. C. taiwanensis reveals characteristics of a minimal rhizobium, including the most compact (35-kb) symbiotic island (nod and nif) identified so far in any rhizobium. The atypical phylogenetic position of C. taiwanensis allowed insightful comparative genomics of all available rhizobium genomes. We did not find any gene that was both common and specific to all rhizobia, thus suggesting that a unique shared genetic strategy does not support symbiosis of rhizobia with legumes. Instead, phylodistribution analysis of more than 200 Sinorhizobium meliloti known symbiotic genes indicated large and complex variations of their occurrence in rhizobia and non-rhizobia. This led us to devise an in silico method to extract genes preferentially associated with rhizobia. We discuss how the novel genes we have identified may contribute to symbiotic adaptation.

Dates and versions

hal-01655676 , version 1 (14-06-2019)

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Claire Amadou, Géraldine Pascal, Sophie Mangenot, Michelle Glew, Cyril Bontemps, et al.. Genome sequence of the -rhizobium Cupriavidus taiwanensis and comparative genomics of rhizobia. Genome Research, 2008, 18 (9), pp.1472 - 1483. ⟨10.1101/gr.076448.108⟩. ⟨hal-01655676⟩
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