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Legume-Nodulating Betaproteobacteria: Diversity, Host Range, and Future Prospects

Abstract : Rhizobia form specialized nodules on the roots of legumes (family Fabaceae) and fix nitrogen in exchange for carbon from the host plant. Although the majority of legumes form symbioses with members of genus Rhizobium and its relatives in class Alphaproteobacteria, some legumes, such as those in the large genus Mimosa, are nodulated predominantly by betaproteobacteria in the genera Burkhold-eria and Cupriavidus. The principal centers of diversity of these bacteria are in central Brazil and South Africa. Molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that betaproteo-bacteria have existed as legume symbionts for approximately 50 million years, and that, although they have a common origin, the symbiosis genes in both subclasses have evolved separately since then. Additionally, some species of genus Burkholderia, such as B. phymatum, are highly promiscuous, effectively nodulating several important legumes, including common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). In contrast to genus Burkholderia, only one species of ge-nus Cupriavidus (C. taiwanensis) has so far been shown to nodulate legumes. The recent availability of the genome sequences of C. taiwanensis, B. phymatum, and B. tuberum has paved the way for a more detailed analysis of the evolutionary and mechanistic differences between nodulating strains of alpha-and betaproteobacteria.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 14, 2019 - 12:16:19 PM
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Prasad Gyaneshwar, Ann Hirsch, Lionel Moulin, Wen-Ming Chen, Geoffrey Elliott, et al.. Legume-Nodulating Betaproteobacteria: Diversity, Host Range, and Future Prospects. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, American Phytopathological Society, 2011, 24 (11), pp.1276-1288. ⟨10.1094/MPMI-06-11-0172⟩. ⟨hal-01655720⟩

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