Cystathionine beta-synthase genetic variant rs2124459 is associated with a reduced risk of cleft palate in French and Belgian populations

Abstract : Background Orofacial cleft (OFC) is the most prevalent craniofacial birth defect. Genes involved in one-carbon, folate and vitamin B12 metabolisms have been associated with OFC but no study performed a concomitant assessment on genes involved in these three pathways. Objective We looked for potential genetic variants associated with OFC using an exhaustive gene panel of one-carbon metabolism. Methods We performed a case-control discovery study on children with OFC (236 cases, 145 controls) and their related mothers (186 cases, 127 controls). We performed a replication study on the top significant genetic variant in an independent group from Belgium (248 cases, 225 controls). Results In the discovery study on `mothers', the CBS locus reached array-wide significance (p=9.13x10(-6); Bonferroni p=4.77x10(-3); OR 0.47 (0.33 to 0.66)) among the 519 haplotypes tested for their association with OFC risk. Within the CBS haplotype block (rs2124459, rs6586282, rs4920037, rs234705, rs234709), the rs2124459 was the most significantly associated with a reduced risk of OFC (p=1.77x10-4; Bonferroni p=2.00x10(-2); OR 0.53 (0.38 to 0.74), minor allele). The rs2124459 was associated with a reduced risk of cleft palate (CP) (p=6.78x10-5; Bonferroni p=7.80x10-3; OR 0.40 (0.25 to 0.63)). In the `children' group, the rs2124459 was associated with a reduced risk of CP (p=0.02; OR 0.61 (0.40 to 0.93), minor allele). The association between rs2124459 and reduced risk of CP was replicated in an independent children population from Belgium (p=0.02; OR 0.64 (0.44 to 0.93), minor allele). Conclusions The CBS rs2124459 was associated with a reduced risk of CP in both French and Belgian populations. These results highlight the prominent involvement of the vitamin B6-dependent transsulfuration pathway of homocysteine in OFC risk and the interest for evaluating vitamin B6 status in further population studies.
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Journal of Medical Genetics, BMJ Publishing Group, 2016, 53 (12), pp.828-834. 〈10.1136/jmedgenet-2016-104111〉
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01659121
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Soumis le : vendredi 8 décembre 2017 - 10:09:18
Dernière modification le : lundi 23 avril 2018 - 15:53:24

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Laetitia Goffinet, Abderrahim Oussalah, Rosa-Maria Gueant-Rodriguez, Celine Chery, Mirta Basha, et al.. Cystathionine beta-synthase genetic variant rs2124459 is associated with a reduced risk of cleft palate in French and Belgian populations. Journal of Medical Genetics, BMJ Publishing Group, 2016, 53 (12), pp.828-834. 〈10.1136/jmedgenet-2016-104111〉. 〈hal-01659121〉

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