Caregivers Confronted With the Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition at the End of Life

Abstract : Caregivers Confronted With the Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition at the End of Life Prevalence of and Reasons for Experienced Difficulties Show all authors Elise Piot, MD, Benoît F. Leheup, MD, Christophe Goetz, MD, ... First Published June 13, 2014 Research Article Download PDFPDF download for Caregivers Confronted With the Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition at the End of Life Article information Article has an altmetric score of 9 No Access Abstract Background: Withdrawing artificial nutrition in palliative care is an issue that often leads to ethical dilemmas among health care providers, despite clinical guidelines. Objectives: To describe the experience of health care providers confronted with the withdrawing of artificial nutrition at the end of life and identifying the factors related to the level of ethical dilemmas. Methods: Cross-sectional survey questionnaire of all the nurses and nurses’ aides working in medicine, surgery, and palliative care departments of a regional hospital and who have already been confronted with the withdrawal of artificial nutrition. Results: Of 818 questionnaires sent, 274 were returned (response rate 33.5%); 60% (163) of the care providers who responded were involved in withdrawing artificial nutrition at the end of life. Among these, 42 (25.8%) had always or often been affected with ethical dilemmas, and 97 (60%) responded that withdrawing artificial nutrition had always or often been preceded by a multidisciplinary discussion. Items significantly associated with a high level of ethical dilemmas were (1) existence of differences in opinion within the health care team, (2) lack of information regarding the indication of the withdrawal of artificial nutrition, (3) feeling uncomfortable with the patient and his or her relatives, (4) guilt, (5) feeling of abandonment of care, and (6) uneasiness. Conclusion: Health care providers seem to have a lack of information and consensus regarding the withdrawal of artificial nutrition at the end of life. The ethical dimension of withdrawing artificial nutrition in palliative care has a strong impact on care providers, regardless of the circumstances of the withdrawal.
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American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, SAGE Publications, 2014, 32 (7), pp.732 - 737. 〈10.1177/1049909114539037〉
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Elise Piot, Benoît F. Leheup, Christophe Goetz, Didier Quilliot, Jean-Yves Niemier, et al.. Caregivers Confronted With the Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition at the End of Life. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, SAGE Publications, 2014, 32 (7), pp.732 - 737. 〈10.1177/1049909114539037〉. 〈hal-01667867〉

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