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Fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency: clinical, biochemical and genetic features in French patients

Abstract : Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) deficiency is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation of the fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase gene(FBP1). Disease is mainly revealed by hypoglycemia and lactic acidosis, both symptoms being characteristic for an enzymatic block in the last steps of the gluconeogenesis. Twelve patients with FBPase deficiency were diagnosed in France in the 2001-2013 period, using a diagnostic system based on a single blood sample which allows simultaneous enzyme activity measurement on mononuclear white blood cells and molecular analysis. Sequencing of exons and intron-exon junctions of FBP1 gene was completed in unsolved cases by a gene dosage assay developed for each exon. For most patients, first metabolic decompensation occurred before two years of age with a similar sequence: the triggering factors were fever, fasting, or decrease of food intake. However, diagnosis was made late at a mean age of 3 years, as mitochondrial defects or glycogen storage diseases were firstly suspected. Enzyme activity in leukocytes was dramatically decreased (< 10 %). Twelve different mutations were identified in 22 alleles among them seven were novels: one missense mutation c.472C > T, one point deletion c.48del, one point duplication c.865dupA, one deletion-insertion, and two splice mutations (c.427-1del and c.825 + 1G > A). We described the first intragenic deletion in FBP1 (g.97,364,754_97,382,011del) in homozygous state. Our report also confirms that this very rare disease is misdiagnosed, as other energetic defects are firstly suspected.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 10, 2018 - 10:41:13 AM
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Elise Lebigot, Anaïs Brassier, Mokhtar Zater, Dilek Imanci, François Feillet, et al.. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency: clinical, biochemical and genetic features in French patients. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, Springer Verlag, 2015, 38 (5), pp.881 - 887. ⟨10.1007/s10545-014-9804-6⟩. ⟨hal-01679694⟩



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