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Prevalence of esophageal squamous papilloma (ESP) and associated cancer in northeastern France

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Esophageal squamous papilloma (ESP) is a rare lesion. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of ESP in northeastern France and the risk of associated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of 78 patients who were diagnosed with ESP between January 2005 and February 2013 at three hospitals in northeastern France were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 55 305 endoscopies were performed and 78 ESP were diagnosed (0.01 %). Patients with ESP included 44 males (56.4 %), 34 females (43.6 %); median age 50, interquartile range (IQR) 19 - 86. Median follow-up was 21 months (IQR 0 - 91 mo) and median time between first and second endoscopy was 7 months (IQR 0.5 - 74 mo). Of the total number of patients, 35 (44.9 %) had a second endoscopy. Main endoscopy indication was dyspepsia (24.4 %). Most ESP were isolated (93.6 %) and located at distal esophagus (27 cm, IQR 16 - 40 cm). Median size was 3 mm (IQR 1 - 20 mm). ESP-associated endoscopic lesions were hiatal hernia in 12 patients and esophagitis in 11 patients. Endoscopic treatment was mainly excisional biopsies (60.3 %). Human papillomavirus (HPV) was not detected in the 6 patients with available data. Low dysplasia was found in 2 ESP. During follow-up endoscopies, 2 SCC were detected in 2 different patients; the first SCC was located at the previous resection site of the ESP and the second had a different location. Prevalence of associated cancer was 1.3 %. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of ESP in northeastern France is similar to that previously reported. Endoscopic findings were also broadly the same as in previous reports. The occurrence of dysplasia and SCC should strongly encourage the endoscopist to totally remove the ESP and to start an endoscopic surveillance, given the potential risk of malignant transformation.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 12, 2018 - 4:14:51 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 3:58:02 PM

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Marie-Caroline D’huart, Jean Chevaux, Aude Bressenot, Nicolas Froment, Lucine Vuitton, et al.. Prevalence of esophageal squamous papilloma (ESP) and associated cancer in northeastern France. Endoscopy International Open, Georg Thieme Verlag KG, 2015, 03 (02), pp.E101 - E106. ⟨10.1055/s-0034-1390976⟩. ⟨hal-01682959⟩

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