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Pheochromocytoma revealed by acute heart failure. When should we operate? Presented at the ESES Congress, Gothenburg May 25–26, 2012

Abstract : PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of adrenalectomy on patients with pheochromocytoma diagnosed at the time of an acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: We reported cases of patients who presented an AHF secondary to a pheochromocytoma during a period of 10 years. The diagnosis of AHF was defined by a left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 30 % or the use of circulatory assistance. They had adrenalectomy as emergency surgery or later. Morbidity and mortality of surgery were studied. RESULTS: Thirteen patients required an adrenalectomy for AHF secondary to pheochromocytoma. Four patients (31 %) had an adrenalectomy in emergency. Nine patients (69 %) had a delayed surgery with a median delay of 25 days (7-180). Eight patients had circulatory assistance (61 %). Five of them had a circulatory assistance and a delayed surgery (38 %), two of them had a circulatory assistance followed by emergency surgery (at 1.5 and 3 days) and one had emergency surgery immediately followed by circulatory assistance. Emergency surgery was performed by laparotomy in all cases and delayed surgery by laparoscopy for seven patients (54 %). Perioperative complications consisted in: one circulatory arrest, two bleedings requiring transfusion, one intestinal ischaemia, one haemoperitoneum with re-operation (day 8). One patient died on day 5. Post-operative course of patients with delayed surgery was uneventful. CONCLUSIONS: AHF revealing a pheochromocytoma is a rare and serious event. Patients with emergency surgery have more complications than those with delayed surgery.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01707110
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Submitted on : Monday, February 12, 2018 - 3:16:58 PM
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G. Müller, F. Saint, A. Hamy, J. Lifante, B. Carnaille, et al.. Pheochromocytoma revealed by acute heart failure. When should we operate? Presented at the ESES Congress, Gothenburg May 25–26, 2012. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, Springer Verlag, 2013, 398 (5), pp.729 - 733. ⟨10.1007/s00423-012-1040-7⟩. ⟨hal-01707110⟩

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