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Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in school-age children born extremely preterm

Abstract : Background: School children born preterm often show airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine or histamine. Less attention has been paid to their airway response to exercise, an important point because of the role of exercise in the child’s daily life. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of, and potential determinants to, the airway response to exercise in children born extremely preterm. Methods: Forty-two nonasthmatic nonatopic children born before 32 wk gestation were compared with 27 healthy nonasthmatic nonatopic term children at age 7. Spirometry and respiratory impedance were measured at baseline and repeated after a single-step 6-min treadmill exercise in a climate-controlled room. Results: The preterm group showed significant broncho-constriction induced by exercise. Prematurity, but not low baseline lung function, neonatal oxygen supplementation, mechanical ventilation, chronic lung disease, or maternal smoking, was a determinant of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Conclusion: Children born extremely preterm present significant exercise-induced airway obstruction at age 7. The response has different characteristics from that occurring in asthmatics and is likely to express airway noneosinophilic inflammation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 14, 2018 - 3:42:23 PM
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Isabelle Hamon, Silvia Varechova, Rachel Vieux, Iulia Ioan, Claude Bonabel, et al.. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in school-age children born extremely preterm. Pediatric Research, Nature Publishing Group, 2012, 73 (4-1), pp.464 - 468. ⟨10.1038/pr.2012.202⟩. ⟨hal-01709106⟩



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