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Visuo-Oculomotor Deficiency at Early-Stage Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescent Girls

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) at onset is associated with oculomotor dysfunction and whether these oculomotor anomalies are correlated to the amplitude of the spine deformation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AIS is related to abnormalities of postural control. To date, few studies have focused on visuo-oculomotor and vestibulo-ocular functions at early-stage AIS. METHODS: Fifty-three adolescent girls were diagnosed with AIS (mean age: 11.6 ± 2.1 yr) on clinical and radiological criteria (mean Cobb angle: 14.8° ± 5.0°). Visuo-oculomotor and vestibulo-ocular functions were studied with video-oculography, including saccades, smooth pursuit, caloric test, and pendular rotation, with visual vestibular ocular reflex and vestibulo-ocular reflex sequences. Two patient groups were defined according to the mean Cobb angle: group 1 included 29 patients with a Cobb angle from 5° to 14° and group 2 included 24 patients with a Cobb angle from 15° to 25°. RESULTS: The group 2 showed different saccade characteristics than group 1: higher latencies for saccade sequences characterized by temporal uncertainty and predictive direction; lower velocity regardless of the type of the saccades. No difference was observed for saccadic accuracy and smooth-pursuit gain. For the visual vestibular ocular reflex, group 2 showed lower total maximal slow-phase velocity than group 1, whereas the vestibulo-ocular reflex (tested in dark) did not differ between groups. No difference was observed concerning the caloric vestibular test. CONCLUSION: Patients with a Cobb angle of 15° or more presented normal vestibulo-ocular responses but altered visuo-oculomotor functions, especially for the saccadic latency and velocity. This could be the result of a dysfunction of oculomotor pathways at cerebellar and/or brainstem level. These central disorders may be incriminated in the development of AIS.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 15, 2018 - 2:13:59 PM
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Alexis Lion, Thierry Haumont, Gérôme Gauchard, Sylvette Wiener-Vacher, Pierre Lascombes, et al.. Visuo-Oculomotor Deficiency at Early-Stage Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescent Girls. Spine, 2013, 38 (3), pp.238 - 244. ⟨10.1097/BRS.0b013e31826a3b05⟩. ⟨hal-01709925⟩



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