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Complementarity of visual and voxel-based FDG-PET analysis to detect MCI-like hypometabolic pattern in elderly patients with hypertension and isolated memory complaints

Abstract : BACKGROUND: 18F-FDG PET can be used to aid in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and clarify the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). PURPOSE: To compare the results of a quantitative analysis of FDG-PET brain images to a standard visual analysis (SVA) with regards to the detection of MCI-like hypometabolic pattern in elderly patients with hypertension and subjective, isolated memory complaints. MATERIAL AND METHODS: FDG-PET brain was performed in 71 patients (mean age, 76.4 ± 5.1 years; women, 53.5%). Images were analyzed for the presence of an MCI-like hypometabolic pattern using an SVA by 2 physicians and a voxel-based statistical procedure (statistical parametric mapping [SPM]) that compared each patient's images to normal reference samples from 19 elderly individuals obtained using the same PET camera. The reliability of these analyses was evaluated according to neuropsychological assessment results, including the Grober & Buschke Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test, and a combined analysis by a neuropsychologist. RESULTS: An MCI-like hypometabolic pattern was documented in 5 patients (7%) by SVA and 7 patients (10%) by SPM analysis; however, only 2 of these patients were selected by both methods. The group characteristics of the 7 patients identified by the quantitative method were consistent with the MCI pattern, which included a higher rate of abnormal GB-FCSRT in Free Recall (57% vs. 9%, p < 0.05) or in Total Recall (29% vs. 8%, p < 0.05) when compared with other patients. In contrast, the group identified by SVA did not exhibit these characteristics. CONCLUSION: A combined visual and quantitative analysis improves the diagnostic accuracy to detect an MCI-like hypometabolic pattern in elderly patients with hypertension and subjective, isolated memory complaints.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01729626
Contributor : Iadi Ul <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 12, 2018 - 4:44:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 4:06:04 PM

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Axel van der Gucht, Antoine Verger, Yalcin Yagdigul, Sylvain Poussier, Laure Joly, et al.. Complementarity of visual and voxel-based FDG-PET analysis to detect MCI-like hypometabolic pattern in elderly patients with hypertension and isolated memory complaints. Acta Radiologica, SAGE Publications, 2015, 56 (8), pp.980 - 989. ⟨10.1177/0284185114542366⟩. ⟨hal-01729626⟩

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