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Master thesis

Les asthmes professionnels: à propos d'un cas

Abstract : Occupational asthmas represent the first class of respiratory occupational pathologies. Their etiologies are numerous and not yet all known. The exposure to sulphites is a cause recently described, and met in steam pressings.Occupational asthmas can be distinguished by a physiopathological mechanism from immunological type or a not immunological mechanism. For sorne, the bond of causality between the signs of astbma and the exposure to a molecule met at work are obvious, for others it is more difficult to prove. This leads the variousactors ofhealth to start a multidisciplinary diagnostic step.The syndrome ofreactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) is not recognized like an occupational asthma by all the authors. However, it is a very close syndrome which is caused by the inhalation of an irritatingsubstance. More recently one describes a syndrome of aggravated irritation syndrome, which is an irritant-induced asthma with weak exposures repeated to an irritant. The perchloroethylene, met in the activity of drycleaning can be responsible for RADS. It was not linked yet scientifically with an irritant induced asthma but the recent literature allots many harmful shares with him on the respiratory tracts.The study of a case of occupational asthma, proven with sulphites and strongly suspected with perchloroethylene, leads us to discuss the diagnosis and the prevention of professional asthmas.
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Master thesis
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01732161
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 14, 2018 - 2:46:54 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 5:01:30 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 4, 2018 - 8:30:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01732161, version 1

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Colette Petit. Les asthmes professionnels: à propos d'un cas. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2005. ⟨hal-01732161⟩

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