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Master thesis

Influence du vieillissement cérébral normal sur la vulnérabilité suicidaire des personnes âgées: étude des fonctions exécutives

Abstract : Suicide is a global public health issue, responsible for nearly a million death every year. France display some of the highest suicide rates in western Europe. Elderly people are especially vulnerable, accounting for almost one-third of the suicides registered each year. Neuroscience suicide data suggest that suicide vulnerability does not correlate with psychiatric disorders, and involves prefrontal cortex. This cerebral structure, which is regarded as the organic basis for executive functions, is especially vulnerable to the effects of normal brain ageing. Cognitive neuropsychology studies on suicide and brain ageing show common alterations of fundamental executive functions, such as inhibition and mental shifting. The brain ageing process might therefore be considered a distal factor for suicide vulnerability. This fact, which remains to be confirmed through specific clinical studies, might have important therapeutic consequences, especially with regard to tertiary prevention, and result in specific programs for cognitive remediation. However, such programs will have no real impact unless the health and social sector undergoes a general mobilisation, placing special emphasis on primary and secondary prevention
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Master thesis
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01733091
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Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:58:44 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 4, 2018 - 9:43:40 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01733091, version 1

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Sylvain Durand. Influence du vieillissement cérébral normal sur la vulnérabilité suicidaire des personnes âgées: étude des fonctions exécutives. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2010. ⟨hal-01733091⟩

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