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Master thesis

Croyances et comportements alimentaires dans les maladies inflammatoires chroniques de l'intestin

Abstract : Background: We investigated dietary beliefs and behavior in a large population of adultinflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and evaluated their impact on patients? social life.Methods: A questionnaire of 14 items was developed and administered to all consecutivepatients followed for IBD from at Nancy university Hospital February to July 2011.Results: A total of 244 patients participated in the survey: 15.6% of patients believed that diet could initiate the disease, while 57.8% believed that food can play a role in causing a relapse. Forty per cent of patients identified food as a risk factor for relapse. Seventy-three per cent of respondents reported having already received nutritional advices and 47.5% reported that disease had changed their pleasure from eating. On a visual analogical scale, there was a decreased appetite during relapse (mean 3; interquartile range [IQR]: 1-5) when compared to clinical remission (mean 7; IQR: 5-8.375). Only one quarter of patients had a normal diet in case of flare. Almost 2 out of 3 patients reported not eating certain foods they usually like to eat in order to prevent a relapse. Dietary beliefs and behavior had an impact on their social life for one-fifth of patients. Excluding food was associated with refusing outdoor dining for fear of causing relapse and not sharing the same menu as the other members of the family living under the same roof.Conclusions: The majority of IBD patients are avoiding certain food. Dietary beliefs andbehavior have a strong impact on their social life
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Master thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 14, 2018 - 4:00:19 PM
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Camille Zallot. Croyances et comportements alimentaires dans les maladies inflammatoires chroniques de l'intestin. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2011. ⟨hal-01733622⟩



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