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Semisupervised ECG Ventricular Beat Classification With Novelty Detection Based on Switching Kalman Filters

Abstract : Automatic processing and accurate diagnosis of pathological electrocardiogram (ECG) signals remains a challenge. As long-term ECG recordings continue to increase in prevalence, driven partly by the ease of remote monitoring technology usage, the need to automate ECG analysis continues to grow. In previous studies, a model-based ECG filtering approach to ECG data from healthy subjects has been applied to facilitate accurate online filtering and analysis of physiological signals. We propose an extension of this approach, which models not only normal and ventricular heartbeats, but also morphologies not previously encountered. A switching Kalman filter approach is introduced to enable the automatic selection of the most likely mode (beat type), while simultaneously filtering the signal using appropriate prior knowledge. Novelty detection is also made possible by incorporating a third mode for the detection of unknown (not previously observed) morphologies, and denoted as X-factor. This new approach is compared to state-of-the-art techniques for the ventricular heartbeat classification in the MIT-BIH arrhythmia and Incart databases. F1 scores of 98.3% and 99.5% were found on each database, respectively, which are superior to other published algorithms' results reported on the same databases. Only 3% of all the beats were discarded as X-factor, and the majority of these beats contained high levels of noise. The proposed technique demonstrates accurate beat classification in the presence of previously unseen (and unlearned) morphologies and noise, and provides an automated method for morphological analysis of arbitrary (unknown) ECG leads.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01737202
Contributor : Iadi Ul <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 19, 2018 - 12:29:38 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 31, 2021 - 3:26:02 PM

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Julien Oster, Joachim Behar, Omid Sayadi, Shamim Nemati, Alistair Johnson, et al.. Semisupervised ECG Ventricular Beat Classification With Novelty Detection Based on Switching Kalman Filters. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015, 62 (9), pp.2125 - 2134. ⟨10.1109/TBME.2015.2402236⟩. ⟨hal-01737202⟩

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