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Cumulative Effects of Several Target Organ Damages in Risk Assessment in Hypertension

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of screening multiple target organ damages (TODs) in hypertensive subjects has not been extensively studied. We estimated the prognostic value of considering 3 TODs in estimating the 10-year survival in hypertensive subjects. METHODS: At baseline 1,848 out of a cohort of 1,963 hypertensive patients had a previous cardiovascular disease (CVD) or assessments of 3 TODs: Modification in Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) <60ml/min or albuminuria >300mg/day, Sokolow index >3.5 mV, and advanced hypertensive retinopathy (grades 3 and 4 of Keith-Wagener-Barker classification). The cohort was divided into 5 groups: 0 TOD (N = 978), 1 TOD (N = 308), 2 TODs (N = 94), 3 TODs (N = 30), and previous CVD (N = 438). RESULTS: After 10 years of follow-up, we observed 418 deaths of which 254 from cardiovascular cause. The adjusted hazard ratios for the major cardiovascular risk factors showed a progressive risk associated with the number of TODs. For all-cause death, the hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] vs. 0 TOD of the other 4 groups were 1.91 [1.39-2.63], 1.99 [1.28-3.10], 4.33 [2.42-7.72], and 3.09 [2.35-4.05], respectively. For cardiovascular death, the hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] were of the same order of magnitude: 2.14 [1.38-3.32], 2.12 [1.15-3.89], 4.22 [1.83-9.72], and 4.24 [2.95-6.11], respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that hypertensive patients with several TODs had a worst outcome. Thus, it seems important to screen for multiple TODs in hypertension; especially check for severe hypertensive retinopathy in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and renal damage.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 23, 2018 - 11:38:22 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 4:00:03 PM

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Brahim Harbaoui, Pierre Courand, Alice Defforges, Fouad Khettab, Hugues Milon, et al.. Cumulative Effects of Several Target Organ Damages in Risk Assessment in Hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016, 29 (2), pp.234 - 244. ⟨10.1093/ajh/hpv098⟩. ⟨hal-01741578⟩

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