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Identification of master genes involved in liver key functions through transcriptomics and epigenomics of methyl donor deficiency in rat: Relevance to nonalcoholic liver disease

Abstract : Scope: Our study aims to investigate molecular events associated to methyl donor deficiency (MDD) by analyzing the transcriptome and the methylome of MDD rats in liver. Methods and results: Twenty-one-day-old rats born to mothers fed either with a standard diet or a MDD diet during gestation and lactation were compared. From a total of 44 000 probes for 26 456 genes, we found two gene clusters in MDD rats whose expression levels had significant differences compared with controls: 3269 overexpressed (p < 0.0009) and 2841 underexpressed (p < 0.0004) genes. Modifications of DNA methylation were found in the promoter regions of 1032 genes out of 14 981 genes. Ontological analyses revealed that these genes are mainly involved in glucose and lipid metabolism, nervous system, coagulation, ER stress, and mitochondrial function. Conclusion: Putative master genes exhibiting changes in both gene expression and DNA methylation are limited to 266 genes and are mainly involved in the renin-angiotensin system (n = 3), mitochondrion metabolism (n = 18), and phospholipid homeostasis (n = 3). Most of these master genes participate in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The adverse effects of MDD on the metabolic process indicate the beneficial impact of folate and vitamin B12, especially during the perinatal period.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01755906
Contributor : Sébastien Hergalant <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 11:14:40 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 10:45:57 AM

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Gaili Chen, Julien Broséus, Sébastien Hergalant, Audrey Donnart, Catherine Chevalier, et al.. Identification of master genes involved in liver key functions through transcriptomics and epigenomics of methyl donor deficiency in rat: Relevance to nonalcoholic liver disease. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2015, 59 (2), pp.293 - 302. ⟨10.1002/mnfr.201400483⟩. ⟨hal-01755906⟩

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