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β1-Adrenergic Inhibition Improves Cardiac and Vascular Function in Experimental Septic Shock*

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Preliminary experimental data suggest that selective β1-blockers may improve ex vivo cardiac function in animal sepsis. Currently, the effects of esmolol on in vivo cardiac function and on vascular function are unknown. The present study was designed to examine the effects of the β1-selective blocker esmolol on myocardial and vascular function in peritonitis-induced septic rats and to explore the inflammatory pathways involved in this process. DESIGN: Randomized animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS: Four hours after cecal ligation and puncture, Wistar rats were randomly allocated to the following groups: control, esmolol, norepinephrine (started at 18 hr after the surgery), and esmolol (started at 4 hr after the surgery) + norepinephrine (started at 18 hr after the surgery). Assessment at 18 hours after surgery was focused on cardiac contractility and vascular ex vivo function. Cardiac and vascular protein expressions of nuclear factor κB and endothelial nitric oxide synthase/Akt/inducible nitric oxide synthase pathways were assessed by Western blotting. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: When compared with sham-operated animals, cecal ligation and puncture animals developed hypotension, cardiac depression, and vascular hyporesponsiveness to vasopressor treatment. Esmolol infusion increased cardiac contractility and restored mesenteric vasoreactivity. This effect was associated with a decrease in nuclear factor κB activation, an increase in Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase phosphorylation, and a decrease in inducible nitric oxide synthase expression both at the cardiac and vessel level. Esmolol infusion was also associated with an up-regulation in α1-vascular adrenoreceptors. CONCLUSION: Adjunction of selective β1-blockade to standard septic shock management enhances intrinsic cardiac contractility and vascular responsiveness to catecholamines. These protective cardiovascular effects are likely predominantly attributed to the anti-inflammatory effect of esmolol.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01758816
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 4, 2018 - 6:02:07 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 5, 2018 - 1:31:22 AM

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Antoine Kimmoun, Huguette Louis, Narimane Al Kattani, Julie Delemazure, Nicolas Dessales, et al.. β1-Adrenergic Inhibition Improves Cardiac and Vascular Function in Experimental Septic Shock*. Critical Care Medicine, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2015, 43 (9), pp.e332 - e340. ⟨10.1097/CCM.0000000000001078⟩. ⟨hal-01758816⟩

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