A Vastly Increased Chemical Variety of RNA Modifications Containing a Thioacetal Structure

Abstract : Recently discovered new chemical entities in RNA modifications have involved surprising functional groups that enlarge the chemical space of RNA. Using LC-MS, we found over 100 signals of RNA constituents that contained a ribose moiety in tRNAs from E. coli. Feeding experiments with variegated stable isotope labeled compounds identified 37 compounds that are new structures of RNA modifications. One structure was elucidated by deuterium exchange and high-resolution mass spectrometry. The structure of msms2 i6 A (2-methylthiomethylenethio-N6-isopentenyl-adenosine) was confirmed by methione-D3 feeding experiments and by synthesis of the nucleobase. The msms2 i6 A contains a thioacetal, shown in vitro to be biosynthetically derived from ms2 i6 A by the radical-SAM enzyme MiaB. This enzyme performs thiomethylation, forming ms2 i6 A from i6 A in a first turnover. The new thioacetal is formed by a second turnover. Along with the pool of 36 new modifications, this work describes a new layer of RNA modification chemistry.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01801500
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Submitted on : Monday, May 28, 2018 - 2:48:59 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 3, 2019 - 4:40:13 PM

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Christina Dal Magro, Patrick Keller, Annika Kotter, Stephan Werner, Victor Duarte, et al.. A Vastly Increased Chemical Variety of RNA Modifications Containing a Thioacetal Structure. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2018, 57 (26), pp.7893-7897. ⟨10.1002/anie.201713188⟩. ⟨hal-01801500⟩

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