Management of non-necrotizing cellulitis in France

Abstract : OBJECTIVE:We aimed to assess medical practices of French infectious disease specialists or any other relevant physicians related to the management of non-necrotizing cellulitis (NNC).METHODS:We sent an online questionnaire to members of the French Infectious Diseases Society (SPILF) mailing list in September 2015.RESULTS:A total of 108 specialists took part in the survey and 10% (11/107) declared to always admit NNC patients to hospital. As for the others, 18% declared to admit patients in more than 80% of cases, 49% in 50-80% of cases, 26% in 20-50% of cases, and 7% in less than 20% of cases. The most frequent criteria for hospital admission were severe sepsis/septic shock (99%), poor social conditions (99%), rapid extension of skin lesions (93%), high level of pain (86%), and failure of first-line antibiotic therapy (84%). Participants mentioned similar criteria for reasons to initiate the intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy. Fifty-three percent of respondents declared initiating antibiotic therapy using the IV route in more than 80% of cases. Physicians declared that the usual antibiotic therapy duration were <7 days (6%), 8-10 days (57%), 11-14 days (34%), and >15 days (3%).CONCLUSION:Criteria for hospital admission and use of the IV route for antibiotic therapy as well as optimal treatment duration in patients presenting with NNC need to be detailed in guidelines and evaluated in prospective studies.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01817521
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Submitted on : Monday, June 18, 2018 - 9:55:31 AM
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X. Lemaire, E. Bonnet, B. Castan, E. Forestier, F. X. Lescure, et al.. Management of non-necrotizing cellulitis in France. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 46 (7), pp.355-359. ⟨10.1016/j.medmal.2016.04.005⟩. ⟨hal-01817521⟩

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