Le silence de l’écrit : un outil outil orthophonique pour la cohérence du discours des jeunes à traits psychotiques

Abstract : Some speech language therapists find themselves really helpless with teenagers under a psychotic spectrum. Indeed, even if the structure of their language is similar to any of us, their sentences seem to of lack a common sense. Our work was concentrated on looking for away to take care of these teenagers. Some essays studied the speech of teenagers suffering of a psychotic disorder. They showed that they had a singular way to express themselves. Their speech is elaborated on the sonority and not on the signified. We can observe different phenomena of assonances, which can lead to a loss of coherence. One question occurred: “how to improve the coherence of their speech?”. The resonance of the speech is inherent to the oral form. Therefore we made the hypothesis that the written form, soundless, will show less assonance and consequently less incoherence. We compared the oral and written dissertation of seven psychotic teenagers who had to describe the different steps of chemical experiences. The experiences were made in small group between two and four people. The results showed more assonance in the oral dissertation than in the written one. In the written dissertation, the phenomena of assonances sometimes led to a loss of coherence. Although, the results we obtained couldn’t be generalized because the sample of the population was too small. To be moresignificant, this study should be extended to a bigger sample.
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Master thesis
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Mathilde Alt. Le silence de l’écrit : un outil outil orthophonique pour la cohérence du discours des jeunes à traits psychotiques. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨hal-01828902⟩

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