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Efficient microwave-assisted radical functionalization of single-wall carbon nanotubes

Abstract : The efficiencies of two methods of functionalizing single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are compared, either through a radical addition of 4-methoxyphenylhydrazine hydrochloride by a classical thermally activated procedure, or via a microwave-assisted method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal gravimetric analysis clearly indicate the efficiency of both methods. Raman and absorption spectroscopy further confirm the functionalization and reveal the covalent nature of the bonds created at the carbon nanotube surface. For the microwave-assisted reaction, 5–15min is enough to functionalize the SWCNTs. Longer microwave exposure times reduce the functionalization yield and lead to a removal of groups which were bonded in a previous stage. An optimal choice of microwave irradiation time allows reducing the reaction time from days to minutes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 25, 2018 - 9:37:57 AM
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Jie Liu, Mireia Rodriguez I Zubiri, Brigitte Vigolo, M. Dossot, Yves Fort, et al.. Efficient microwave-assisted radical functionalization of single-wall carbon nanotubes. Carbon, Elsevier, 2007, 45 (4), pp.885 - 891. ⟨10.1016/j.carbon.2006.11.006⟩. ⟨hal-01848664⟩



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