Development of real-time RT-PCR methods for specific detection of F-specific RNA bacteriophage genogroups: Application to urban raw wastewater

Abstract : F-specific RNA bacteriophages have been classified into four genogroups (GI, GII, GIII and GIV). It was suggested that two of these genogroups are more frequent in human excreta (GII and GIII) and the two other (GI and GIV) are specific for animal excreta. Real-time RT-PCR methods using TaqMan MGB probe were developed to detect the four genogroups. Primers and probes of each specific RT-PCR were designed to target all sequenced bacteriophages belonging to one genogroup, without cross-reactivity with other genogroups. These four methods showed detection limits ranging between 0.01 and 10 PFU/mL and PCR efficiencies ranging between 87 and 95%. The newly methods were tested in urban raw wastewater. Genogroups I and II were detected in all samples (n = 7); GIII in six samples and GIV was never detected. GI was predominant in one sample, in which the quantity of Cryptosporidium and Giardia was, respectively, three and eight times higher than the mean values. Because GI is mainly observed in animals, it was hypothesized that this increase was due to an animal input. The use of F-specific RNA phage genotyping to estimate the origin of faecal pollution requires appropriate validation. In this context, real-time RT-PCR will undoubtedly be useful.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01890708
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Submitted on : Monday, October 8, 2018 - 8:41:12 PM
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Leslie Ogorzaly, Christophe Gantzer. Development of real-time RT-PCR methods for specific detection of F-specific RNA bacteriophage genogroups: Application to urban raw wastewater. Journal of Virological Methods, Elsevier, 2006, 138 (1-2), pp.131 - 139. ⟨10.1016/j.jviromet.2006.08.004⟩. ⟨hal-01890708⟩

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