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Controlled Electrochemically-Assisted Deposition of Sol−Gel Biocomposite on Electrospun Platinum Nanofibers

Abstract : The modification of platinum nanofibers by silica using the electrochemically-assisted deposition is reported here. Pt nanofibers are obtained by electrospinning and deposited on a glass substrate. The electrochemically-assisted deposition of the sol−gel material then gives the unique possibility to finely tune the silica film thickness around these nanofibers. It also allows the successful encapsulation of a biomolecule (glucose oxidase was chosen here as a model) while retaining its biological activity, as pointed out via the electrochemical monitoring of H2O2 produced upon addition of glucose in the medium. This silica−glucose oxidase composite offers the possibility of comparing systematically the influence of the deposition time on the bioelectrode response and to compare it with the particular features of the deposits. It was found that the film first grew uniformly around the nanofibers and then started to deposit between them, covering the whole sample (fibers and glass substrate), and tended to fully embed the nanofibers for prolonged deposition. The thickness of the silica film is critical for the electroactivity of the biocomposite, the best response being obtained for a silica layer thickness in the range of the fiber diameter (∼50 nm).
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Ievgen Mazurenko, Mathieu Etienne, Rainer Ostermann, Bernd Smarsly, Oksana Tananaiko, et al.. Controlled Electrochemically-Assisted Deposition of Sol−Gel Biocomposite on Electrospun Platinum Nanofibers. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2011, 27 (11), pp.7140-7147. ⟨10.1021/la200069z⟩. ⟨hal-01941873⟩



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