Organoclay-enzyme film electrodes

Abstract : This paper aims at showing the interest of organoclays (clay minerals containing organic groups covalently attached to the inorganic particles) as suitable host matrices likely to immobilize enzymes onto electrode surfaces for biosensing applications. The organoclays used in this work were natural Cameroonian smectites grafted with either aminopropyl (AP) or trimethylpropylammonium (TMPA) groups. The first ones were exploited for their ability to anchor biomolecules by covalent bonding while the second category exhibited favorable electrostatic interactions with negatively charged enzymes due to ion exchange properties that were pointed out here by means of multisweep cyclic voltammetry. AP-clay materials were applied to the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOD) and TMPA-clays for polyphenol oxidase (PPO) anchoring. When deposited onto the surface of platinum or glassy carbon electrodes as enzyme/organoclay films, these systems were evaluated as biosensing electrochemical devices for detection of glucose and catechol chosen as model analytes. The advantageous features of these organoclays were discussed by comparison to the performance of related film electrodes made of non-functionalized clays. It appeared that organoclays provide a favorable environment to enzymes activity, as highlighted from the biosensors characteristics and determination of Michaelis–Menten constants.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01941947
Contributor : Alain Walcarius <>
Submitted on : Sunday, December 2, 2018 - 7:21:44 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 3, 2018 - 10:20:18 PM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Justin Kemmegne Mbouguen, Emmanuel Ngameni, Alain Walcarius. Organoclay-enzyme film electrodes. Analytica Chimica Acta, Elsevier Masson, 2006, 578 (2), pp.145-155. ⟨10.1016/j.aca.2006.06.075⟩. ⟨hal-01941947⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

28