Preconcentration and voltammetric analysis of mercury(II) at a carbon paste electrode modified with natural smectite-type clays grafted with organic chelating groups

Abstract : This study is devoted to the evaluation of a carbon paste electrode modified by a natural 2:1 phyllosilicate clay functionalized with either amine or thiol groups as a sensor for mercury(II). Functionalization was achieved by grafting the pristine clay via its reaction with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) or 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS), respectively. The electroanalytical procedure comprises two steps: the chemical accumulation of the analyte under open-circuit conditions followed by the electrochemical detection of the preconcentrated species using differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry. The different parameters that govern the two steps (accumulation time, concentration of the analyte, composition of the detection medium, potential and duration of electrolysis) were studied in detail. After optimization, a linear response was obtained in the concentration range from 0.1 to 0.7 μM Hg(II). In these conditions, the detection limits of the method were found to be 8.7 × 10−8 and 6.8 × 10−8 M, respectively, for the amine- and thiol-functionalized clays, on the basis of a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The effect of potential interference on the determination of Hg(II) by the carbon paste electrode modified with the thiol-functionalized clay was also studied and the applicability of the method to real sample analysis was evaluated
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-01941972
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 2, 2018 - 7:52:50 PM
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Ignas Tonle, Emmanuel Ngameni, Alain Walcarius. Preconcentration and voltammetric analysis of mercury(II) at a carbon paste electrode modified with natural smectite-type clays grafted with organic chelating groups. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Elsevier, 2005, 110 (2), pp.195-203. ⟨10.1016/j.snb.2005.01.027⟩. ⟨hal-01941972⟩

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