The Duration of Emotional Image Exposure Does Not Impact Anticipatory Postural Adjustments during Gait Initiation

Abstract : Previous studies have reported that anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) associated with gait initiation are affected by emotion-eliciting images. This study examined the effect of the duration of exposure to emotional images on the APAs along the progression axis. From a standing posture, 39 young adults had to reach a table by walking (several steps) toward pleasant or unpleasant images, under two sets of conditions. In the short condition, the word "go" appeared on the image 500 ms after image onset and participants were instructed to initiate gait as soon as possible after the word go appeared. In the long condition, the same procedure was used but the word "go" appeared 3000 ms after image onset. Results demonstrated that the APAs were longer and larger for pleasant images than unpleasant ones, regardless of the condition (i.e. the duration of exposure to the images). In the same way, the peak of forward velocity of the centre of body mass (reached at the end of the first step) followed the same tendency. These results emphasized that APAs depended on image valence, but not on the duration of images exposure and were consistent with those of previous studies and the motivational direction hypothesis.
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Thierry Gélat, Laure Coudrat, Carole Ferrel-Chapus, Sylvie Vernazza-Martin. The Duration of Emotional Image Exposure Does Not Impact Anticipatory Postural Adjustments during Gait Initiation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2018, 8 (11), pp.195. ⟨10.3390/brainsci8110195⟩. ⟨hal-02012232⟩

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