Early decrease in circulating dendritic cells number after liver transplantation could favor hepatitis C virus recurrence

Abstract : Cirrhosis and hepatocarcinoma related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) lead to more than 30% of liver transplantations. Host- and virus-related mechanisms, involved in the recurrence of HCV infection of the liver graft, are not yet well known. A weak CD4+ T-cell response was shown to be involved in the outcome of re-infection but whether dendritic cell numbers are modified in patients transplanted for HCV-related disease has never been evaluated. Eight transplanted patients for HCV-related disease and eight non-HCV-infected transplanted controls were included. Blood plasmacytoid dendritic cells and myeloid dendritic cells were quantified before transplantation, at day 7 and 1 month after transplantation. Plasma interferon (IFN)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-12 were concomitantly measured. The results showed a significant decrease in the relative (P < 0.0001) and absolute (P = 0.0002) values of blood plasmacytoid dendritic cells at day 7 after transplantation when compared to the values obtained before transplantation, increasing again 1 month later, in both HCV-infected patients and controls. The same tendency was observed for myeloid dendritic cell relative values (P = 0.0004) and plasma IL-12 (P < 0.05). IFN-alpha appeared to be less often detectable for HCV-infected patients. These results obtained on dendritic cell numbers could explain partially the early and systematic recurrence of HCV infection on the liver graft and contribute to better adapted therapeutic strategies.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02014530
Contributor : Evelyne Schvoerer <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 11, 2019 - 4:11:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 6, 2019 - 10:28:03 AM

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Evelyne Schvoerer, Christine Thumann, Stephan Spohrer, Eric Soulier, Cathy Royer, et al.. Early decrease in circulating dendritic cells number after liver transplantation could favor hepatitis C virus recurrence. Journal of Medical Virology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, 78 (8), pp.1070-1075. ⟨10.1002/jmv.20664⟩. ⟨hal-02014530⟩

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