PCR detection of human enteric viruses in bathing areas, waste waters and human stools in Southwestern France.

Abstract : Detection of human pathogenic viruses by molecular techniques might be suitable for identifying viral pollution in environmental waters and for improving diagnosis in patients. Environmental samples were taken from bathing areas and sewage treatment plants in southwestern France. Small volume samples (50 microL) were tested. Five groups of enteric pathogenic viruses were studied: enteroviruses, Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs), hepatitis A virus, rotaviruses and adenoviruses. Moreover, human samples were tested for NLV. After extraction of viral nucleic acids (Boom's procedure), a nested polymerase chain reaction was conducted before hybridization. Five bathing waters out of 26 were positive for one viral group, without systematic association with bacterial contamination. Eight sewage plant samples out of 13 were positive for at least one viral group. Seven patients out of 45 were NLV-positive. Molecular techniques allow efficient screening of viral contamination in environmental waters and the study of NLV molecular epidemiology.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02014634
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Submitted on : Monday, February 11, 2019 - 4:34:17 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 23, 2019 - 1:18:12 AM

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Evelyne Schvoerer, F. Bonnet, V. Dubois, G Cazaux, R Serceau, et al.. PCR detection of human enteric viruses in bathing areas, waste waters and human stools in Southwestern France.. Research in Microbiology, Elsevier, 2000, 151 (8), pp.693-701. ⟨10.1016/S0923-2508(00)90132-3⟩. ⟨hal-02014634⟩

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