Reinforced lignin-phenol-glyoxal (LPG) wood adhesives from coconut husk - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Biological Macromolecules Year : 2019

Reinforced lignin-phenol-glyoxal (LPG) wood adhesives from coconut husk


Lignin was extracted from coconut husk via alkaline pulping, either Kraft or soda. The isolated lignin samples were classified as hydroxy-benzaldehyde, vanillin, and syringaldehyde type according to Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy, 1H and 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectra. Soda lignin (SL) showed higher thermal stability and glass transition temperature (Tg) than Kraft lignin (KL) as proven by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), respectively. The soda-lignin-phenol-glyoxal (SLPG) resins with the optimum percentage of lignin substitution at 30% showed improved solid content and gel time in comparison to 30% of Kraft-lignin-phenol-glyoxal (KLPG) and phenol-glyoxal (PG) resin. The good mechanical properties in SLPG is due to the higher amount of molecular weight as well as higher phenolic and G-type unit in lignin that improve the properties of 30% SLPG adhesive. Moreover, the addition of layered double hydroxides (LDH) as reinforced filler up to 15%–30% SLPG adhesive blend shows a great performance (especially mechanical properties) as compared to 30% SLPG adhesive alone.
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hal-02289744 , version 1 (17-09-2019)



Nurul Azila Aziz, Ahmad Faiz Abdul Latip, Leo Choe Peng, Nur Hanis Abd Latif, Nicolas Brosse, et al.. Reinforced lignin-phenol-glyoxal (LPG) wood adhesives from coconut husk. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 2019, 141, pp.185-196. ⟨10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.08.255⟩. ⟨hal-02289744⟩
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